Alcohol and illicit drug use is prevalent among secondary school students in botswana. Economic estimates indicate consequences from drug abuse including alcohol, tobacco, prescription, and illicit drugs approach 20% of our federal. Abuse of alcohol amongst students is linked to road crushes, intentional and unintentional injuries, raping and array of communicable diseases an notably hivaids. Home brews are the most common type of alcohol used as they are easily. Botswana is among the countries that are experiencing this problem.
Drug and alcohol abuse are some of the major burdens of societies in the 21st. Jones introduction public accounts over the last few years concerning the consumption of alcohol in botswana have tended to suggest a widespread increase. A country with a strong political and governmental system, botswana has seen growth and prosperity much higher than most of the continent. Schedule ib drug which is also liable to abuse though not as highly liable as a schedule 1a drug, and which may be dispensed only on written prescription. This study adopts the descriptive research design with the aim of exploring social work interventions on alcohol and substance use amongst secondary school students in botswana. It can cause or worsen many medical problems and if left untreated can destroy families and lives. Many adolescents in the zeerust district tend to engage in risky behaviours such as drug abuse, sexual intercourse and crime. Aim to assess the state of alcohol policy in botswana in the context of a substantial levy imposed on alcohol sales by the president. Act not solution to alcohol abuse in botswana the liquor act no.
Drug and alcohol abuse prevention education in selected. This is evident that there is not enough data carried out on the abuse of alcohol and drugs among the youth and understanding why they take the drugs is critical to effective drug policies. Pdf alcohol abuse, genderbased violence and hivaids in. Preventing drug use among children and adolescents. In south africa alcohol and drug abuse was signaled by former president nelson mandela in his opening address to.
Conducting effective substance abuse prevention work. The pitso was meant to brief policy makers on the alcohol and substance abuse situation in botswana and solicit their recommendations on strategies to address the epidemic. Alcoholism in africa during the late twentieth century. Findings legislation aimed at addressing the problem of excessive consumption of alcohol in the. The african ejournals project has digitized full text of. It is an extract from one of the objectives of a phd study. Obot 2011 even so alcohol consumption is still very prevalent in botswana with. Drug abuse results in behavioral and biological health issues that affect individuals, families, and communities. The need for social workers in the school system kabo diraditsile omogolo mabote. Bosasnet botswana substance abuse support network, gaborone, botswana. Alcohol and drug abuse by young people affect their ability and willingness to stay in school. Illegal drug abuse is at an alltime high in namibia, health and social services minister richard kamwi, warned yesterday. Risk factors more strongly associated with alcohol and drug use were.
In botswana, heavy use of alcohol has been found to be associated with. First botswana youth risk behavioural surveillance survey among 1019 years old students the botswana youth risk behavioural surveillance survey byrbss monitors key categories of knowledge, attitudes, and health risk behaviours, including tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. Alcohol use among students is characterized by a number of risky behaviours which in the longrun affect their well being and academic performance. Responding to these risks before they become problems can be difficult. In botswana, it seems that the countrys alcohol consumption has reached very. A baseline survey on drug and substance abuse commissioned by the national agency for campaign against drug abuse in the years 2001 and 2002 revealed that more than a fifth of primary school pupils in kenya have taken alcohol and the figure rises to more than threefourths for university students republic of kenya, 2004. Measures that can be taken to control drug abuse according to the study, 79% of students do not offer any measure to curbing drug abuse. National institute of alcohol abuse and alcoholism. Substance use still remains a leading cause of injury and death in young people. Drug and alcohol abuse is a growing social and public health problem among secondary school learners in zambia. Design, measurements analysis of policy documents and media reports to describe the drivers of policy formation. At the end of the apartheid era, rochasilva 1992 wrote that south african research relating to the nature and extent of use of drugs other than alcohol and tobacco among the general adult population in south africa was virtually nonexistent. Alcohol abuse, genderbased violence and hivaids in botswana. As they are victims, it perhaps justifies as to why their lack of awareness to causes and effects of drug abuse contributes largely to drug abuse.
Along with economic prosperity comes expendable income to use towards drugs in some social circles. In november 2008 the botswana substance abuse support network bosasnet was formally registered as a nongovernmental organization and has since worked diligently towards our mission of providing substance abuse education, prevention, and rehabilitation services. In the southern african nation of botswana, illicit drug use is on the rise. Little is known about factors affecting alcohol and drug use among botswanas secondary school students. Alcohol and substance abuse in secondary schools in botswana.
Alcohol and illicit drug use has been recognized as a growing problem among adolescents in botswana. These studies have been mostly limited to the use of alcohol and tobacco. Our data suggest that interventions that reduce the availability of alcohol and drugs and that build greater support networks for adolescents may be most helpful in decreasing. Pdf alcohol and substance abuse in secondary schools in. The study showed that the percentage of arrestees testing positive for any drug excluding alcohol in connection with housebreaking, motor vehicle theft and rape was. The study states that alcohol was the most heavily abused drug in the country with 31% of men and 17% of women indulging in heavy alcohol consumption. Drug abuse in namibia marijuana, youth and education. Schedule 1c drug which, though widely used therapeutically, is liable to some, but relatively minor, abuse in comparison with a schedule 1a or a ib drug, and may be dispensed only. Mmegi online act not solution to alcohol abuse in botswana.
Psychoactive substance use among firstyear students in a. Council alcohol and drug abuse research group, cape town, 2003 research in south africa released in 2002 confirmed a high positive correlation between drug use and crime. Drug abuse is a global problem and here in zimbabwe it is becoming a big problem. On average, 11,318 youths in america from 12 to 20 years of age try alcohol for the first time. In general, in general, developing countries tend to have high crime rates due to the unfa vorable. Drug abuse in namibia hits alltime high the namibian. Information dissemination is characterized by oneway communication from the.
Bosasnet botswana substance abuse support network home. Perceptions of school going adolescents about substance abuse in. Statistics released in august last year by government showed that alcohol and drug abuse is highest among young adults aged between 15 to 29 years and lowest among adults aged 65 years and older. Botswana, botho university, abm university and tlokweng college of education for. Department of drug and alcohol programs prevention. Frequent abuse of alcohol and other drugs can lead to addiction, a disease that affects the brain and behavior. Few studies have been carried out in this group in botswana. Alcohol abuse and interventions strategies in botswana and china. The abuse of drugs or other substances, whether they are illegal drugs or prescription opioid drug, alcohol, or tobacco is one of the nations most pressing public health issues drug abuse occurs when people willingly consume illegal substances or legal, prescription drugs for. Botswana substance abuse support network bosasnet share. Alcohol abuse according to data collected for the botswana epidemiology network on drug use bendu in 2003 from four treatment centres, alcohol remains the most common primary substance of abuse reported by patients, accounting for 84% of the 72 patients. Drinking among students could be a function of personal and environmental. Substance abuse among public secondary school students.
The high rate of deaths in nigeria, especially among the youths may not be unconnected with the unhealthy lifestyles. Facilitator introduces the activity with the following statement. Alcohol policies and their perceived effectiveness in. Three research questions are formulated to guide the study.
Drugalcohol policy, page 3 alcohol means the intoxicating agent in beverage alcohol, ethyl alcohol, or other low molecular weight alcohols including methyl and isopropyl alcohol. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the pattern of general substance use, its association with psychological distress and common. Alcohol consumption and the nature of alcohol related problems in botswana. If we want to tackle it seriously, we can take the example of other countries. Substance use amongst university students is a recognized problem worldwide. There is much that can be done to at least reduce alcohol abuse. Alcohol and drug problem overview the abuse of alcohol and other drugsincluding prescription drugsis common and costly. Alcohol concentration or content means the alcohol in a volume of breath expressed in terms of grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath as indicated by an evidential breath test under this part. There is a significant substance abuse problem in the undergraduate. To aid the design and implementation of effective public health interventions, we sought to determine the prevalence of alcohol and drug use in. It also provides knowledge and awareness of available prevention programs and services.1036 93 1169 457 1428 1505 63 790 842 497 1156 1440 573 821 1040 1401 1491 893 1136 34 1563 743 901 506 418 808 1236 972 1199 995 1131